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    Christianity Is A Sick Death Cult
    Christopher Hitchens



    Christianity is often criticised as a death cult, with its preoccupation with suffering, torture, death, relics (human remains) and hell. Its most central doctrines concern the torture and death of a man-god, and Roman Catholics still purport to eat his (real) flesh and drink his (real) blood. Its main emblem, the cross, worshipped like a holy saint, is an instrument of torture and death.

    In churches around Europe you can find the miraculously preserved miracle-working relics of thousands of Christian martyrs and other saints. At least that is what devout Christians will tell you. According to many Christians, saints' bodies do not decay like ordinary human bodies. They miraculous stay fresh and sweet indefinitely. One of the most curious aspects of this is that all of the remains shown off as "perfectly preserved" are at best mummified, and more often decomposed. Many of these "perfectly preserved" remains are skeletons with padded cloths, furnished with shoes, gloves and face masks.




    St Theodosius, Basilica of Waldsassen

    On Catholic websites you can easily find accounts of these perfectly preserved remains, moving, smiling and requiring regular attention for their hair and nails which continue to grow.

    The Second Council of Nicaea in 787 decreed that every altar should contain a relic, and this requirement remains part of Church Law, in Catholic and Orthodox Churches.

    Detractors say that these relics - often but not always the remains of dead people - are one of the main manifestations of necrophiliac practices, which appeal to a disturbingly large number of Christians. Dressing up dead bodies in gold and jewels and putting them on public display seems as best macabre, and at worst confirmation that Christianity is a cult of death with disturbing sexual overtones, evidenced by the strangely excited states of some devotees. Other Christian devotees even pay the dead-bodies money to do supernatural favours for them.

    One of the more disturbing aspects of the cult of saints is the dismemberment of bodies for the members to be preserved or sometimes eaten by the devout. When Bishop Hugh of Lincoln chewed on a bone of Mary Magdelene preserved at Fecamp he was challenged by the guardians of the precious relic, and defended his action by saying that if he could eat Christ's body [in the Catholic mass] then he could certainly chew on the Magdalen's arm.

    Devout and noble people often had their hearts removed after death, and those who cut them out often noted that these hearts had pictures engraved upon them, generally representing the things most dear to them in life. Sadly none of these pictures have survived on the perfectly preserved hearts of any of the saints, for whom this miracle was claimed. (So our only surviving reminder of the phenomenon is the often quoted claim of Bloody Mary that the word "Calais" would be found written on her heart after her death.

    The question of whether relics have ever worked properly attested miracles is covered at Miracles, Revelation & Faith, but it is worth noting where many relics come from.

    According to the Catholic Church many came from the Christian catacombs under Rome, and this is true as far as it goes. The Roman catacombs had been abandoned as burial sites and largely forgotten by the sixth century. They were rediscovered in 1578 by vineyard workers. This looked like a God-send as the Catholic Church was engaged in the Counter-Reformation and keen to promote the cult of relics. One of the areas of concern of the Council of Trent was affirming the efficacy and belief in relics against attacks by Protestant detractors. The bones in the catacombs were a treasure trove. The remains in the catacombs dated from the second to fifth centuries AD so it was possible, for Churchmen to imagine the bones as belonging to famous early Christian saints and martyrs. They correctly saw the cache of bones as the perfect tool to promote their power and wealth. The bones were removed, sold to willing buyers, dressed in gold, silver and jewels, and put on public display to attract the faithful.


    Skull Cathedral in Otranto

    What the Church is more reticent about is how we know whose remains they are. There was no way of knowing if they belonged to Christians or to pagans who had not been cremated (some but not all pagans were cremated). To find out who the bones belonged to Priests used psychic mediums, or acted as mediums themselves, or even used the services of psychic popes. The practice continued until the mid-19th century.

    Churches in the German-speaking Alps, vied to obtain the sanctified skeletons, in mass quantities. The Diocese of Konstanz accumulated 120 of them in the 17th and 18th centuries. The pose and decoration of the bones was left to local churches, who used familiar methods to decide on poses and the extent of decoration - they simply asked the bones, again relying on psychic powers. Priests, nuns and other mediums communed with the bones, and the bones told them how they preferred to be posed and what they would like to wear. At St Gallen Monastery a team of nuns, prayed over the [second set of] remains of St Pancratius until they were rewarded by details of his preferred articulation, dress and jewels, though he neglected to mention that he had died at the age of 14 and was not, as they thought, a soldier. Sometimes the bones were more compliant. At the Basilica at Waldsassen, according to local records, the skeleton of St Maximus helpfully positioned itself.

    For some reason, Catholic writers were reluctant to give specifics about psychically communing with bones in the catacombs, but SI Mahoney, a Catholic priest who left the Church, wrote an account of the process. He said that periodic trips were made to the catacombs, to augment the supply of relics. No one knew the identity of the skeletons, or even if the skeletons were those of Christians - hence the need for psychic communications.


    Bone Monstrance, The Sedlec Ossuary (Czech: Kostnice v Sedlci) a Roman Catholic chapel, beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, in Sedlec, a suburb of Kutná Hora in the Czech Republic.

    A monstrance or ostensorium is a vessel used in Roman Catholic churches to display the consecrated Eucharistic host, during Eucharistic adoration or Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament.

    Mahoney mentions that Pope Gregory XVI would descend into the catacombs accompanied by priests. There he would invoke the Holy Ghost, and read a prayer, "by which Divine assistance, and directions from on high, is sought for the performance of this… solemn duty. The Pope then casts his eyes around the confused mass of mouldering skeletons, and, as the whim may take him, calls this the body of saint such-a-one, another, the body of 'Virgin some-other-one' - and so on, till he is warned by his attendants that enough are now baptized… to serve for the present occasion. The rotten bones are then carefully collected, and, having been sprinkled with holy water, are placed in a chest prepared for that purpose, and carried in procession to the Vatican." [SI Mahoney, Six Years in the Monasteries of Italy, and Two Years in the Islands of the Mediterranean and in Asia Minor, New York, 1836, pp261-262.]. Such exercises were immensely profitable, as the holy relics were then sold to the devout rich.

    The psychic abilities of priests and popes were not always reliable. They identified bones as belonging to Christians they had heard of, but who had died and been buried elsewhere, or whose miracle-working skeletons were already being venerated, sometimes in several different places. Constantine the Great, for example, was buried in Constantinople, yet the bones of his second body were identified in the catacombs and are now working their miracles in Rott-am-Inn, a parochial church in Germany. The Church of St Nicholas in Wil in Switzerland, possesses skeleton of the third-century martyr St Pancratius, taken from the catacombs in the 17th century, even though the saint's relics were already in the Basilica San Pancratio in Rome. The remains of St Deodatus declared their identity to a papal secretary in 1688, even though he had several other dead bodies already being venerated and working miracles elsewhere in Italy.

    Perfectly preserved saintly bodies are becoming ever less accessible to the public, and even to the faithful. They can still be seen in a few traditionalist areas of Europe, most notably at the Papal Basilica of Waldsassen (Stiftsbasilika Waldsassen) - though it is notable that such locations have ceased to be widely advertised.



    Mummy at Santa Maria della Grazie, Comiso, Sicily
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris

    The Catholic Church is still keen on the cult of the dead, celebrated at the beginning of November in pre-Christian times. According to the current Catholic Enchiridion of Indulgences, one can apply a plenary indulgence to a departed soul by the "visitation of a cemetery" from November 1st to the 8th.:

    13. Visit to a Cemetery (Coemeterii visitatio)

    An indulgence, applicable only to the Souls in Purgatory, is granted to the faithful, who devoutly visit a cemetery and pray, even if only mentally, for the departed.

    The indulgence is plenary each day from the 1st to the 8th of November; on other days of the year it is partial.

    Most of this website is closely reasoned, but for the rest of this page, the pictures can speak for themselves. Catholics are encouraged to visit and venerate not just ordinary graves, but dead bodies and dismembered body parts.

    Saint Ambrose, Milan - not quite perfectly preserved despite his great holiness


    The perfectly preserved remains of St Francis Xavier in Goa in 2004
    (The body is rumoured to be that of a Buddhist Monk dressed up,
    Francis Xavier's body having been buried as sea)
    No DNA tests to establish the truth have been permitted


    The perfectly preserved remains of St Francis Xavier in Goa
    (His missing toes were bitten off by enthusiastic Christian pilgrims)


    Chapel of Bones. Royal Church of St. Francis. Portugal


    St Wenceslas at the Basilica in Stara Bolesav, outside Prague


    Christians offer money to skulls to answer their prayers
    The Sedlec Ossuary beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, in Sedlec, a suburb of Kutná Hora in the Czech Republic.
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    Painted Skulls. Hallstatt Ossuary. Hallstatt, Austria


    St Maximus, Basilica of Waldsassen



    Chiesa dei Morti, Urbino, Italy


    The body of Pope Celestine V - his badly decomposed state concealed by gloves and a wax mask


    Pope Celestine V again - note the wax mask and badly stuffed papal glove.


    St Clemens, Church of SS Peter and Paul, Rott-am-Inn, Germany


    The conveniently labelled and miraculously preserved skull of one of the many saints called St Valentine


    The remains of John Neumann inside the glass altar of St. Peter of the Apostle Church in Philadelphia, USA
    His skull is covered with a face mask. Evidently he is regarded as a suitable playmate for young children.


    Monastery of Santa Maria della Concezione. Rome, Italy
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    Another death cult - this is supposed to be the Skull of St Mary Magdelen
    kept at La Sainte Baume, Diocese of Frejus-Toulon, Southern France.
    It attracts thousands of pilgrims each year, and is sometimes taken on world tours


    The Death mask of Martin Luther along with casts of his hands. Lutherans and other protestants do not recognise the veration of relics, so these gruesome artefacts are kept in a museum, not a Church.


    The Ossuary of St. James' Church. Brno, Czech Republic


    The body of Cardinal Schuster in the Duomo, Milan


    The perfectly preserved bodies of two virgins
    Chapel of the Virgins, Monastery of Santa Maria della Pace, Palermo


    The perfectly preserved hand of St James, kept in St. Peter's Catholic Church, Marlow, England


    These skeletons were recovered from the Roman catacombs, and identified as Christian martyrs by psychic Roman Catholic priests - and so might well not even be the skeletons of Christians at all
    Basilica of Waldsassen


    The perfectly preserved remains of Pope Paul XXIII
    His skull is fitted with a wax mask


    The Dead Lovers by Matthias Grünewald (1470 - 1528)


    St Theodosius, Basilica of Waldsassen


    Relics of St. Theodore of Tyro (known as St. Theodore of Amasea in the West)
    Brindisi Greek Orthodox Church dedicated to St. Nicholas of Myra.


    The Czermna Skull Chapel.
    It is situated in Klodzko County, near Kudowa Zdrój, in the Lower Silesia, Poland.


    The Sedlec Ossuary (Czech: Kostnice v Sedlci) a Roman Catholic chapel, beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, in Sedlec, a suburb of Kutná Hora in the Czech Republic.


    The Sedlec Ossuary (Czech: Kostnice v Sedlci) a Roman Catholic chapel, beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, in Sedlec, a suburb of Kutná Hora in the Czech Republic.


    Schwarzenberg Coat-of-Arms. The Sedlec Ossuary (Czech: Kostnice v Sedlci) a Roman Catholic chapel, beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, in Sedlec, a suburb of Kutná Hora in the Czech Republic.


    The Sedlec Ossuary (Czech: Kostnice v Sedlci) a Roman Catholic chapel, beneath the Cemetery Church of All Saints, in Sedlec, a suburb of Kutná Hora in the Czech Republic.


    Ossuary chapel (Capela dos Ossos), Campo Maior, Portugal
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    Chiesa di San Bernardino alle Ossa


    Ossuary (Osario), Custoza, Italy
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    The skull of Pope Pius X, covered with a face mask


    Teresa of Avila was cut into pieces by priests and bishops.
    Here two nuns kiss her hand, preserved as a miracle-working relic.


    The wax figure of St Victoria under the St Margaret Mary Altar at St. Mary's Church in Kilkenny City, Ireland


    Charnel house (Beinhaus = "bone-house"), Leuk, Switzerland)
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    Family group in the catacombs,Santa Maria della Pace, Palermo, Sicily
    Readers with stronger stomachs than the webmaster can look up the name "Rosalia Lombardo"
    on Google for more about the death-cult at Santa Maria della Pace
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    Paris Catacombs
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    Mummy Chiesa dei Morti (Church of Death), Urbania, Italy
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    The remains of Pope Pius IX (d 1878) - acclaimed by the Church as being "almost perfectly conserved"


    Saint Valerius, Weyarn, Germany
    By kind permission © Paul Koudounaris


    The body of the (fictitious) Saint Celia (or Celia) was so well preserved that it has been replaced by replicas. One is in plain marble, by Stefano Moderno (1599) in the Church of St. Cecilia, Trastevere, Rome.
    The other, a polychrome replica, is shown below.


    St Pancratius, Church of St Nicholas in Wil, Switzerland.
    you can see his perfectly preserved body within his specially designed armour


    Bible illustration by Gustave Dore, The Vision of the Valley of Dry Bones (Ezekiel 37:1-14)


    The Transi de René de Chalon, ou Monument du cœur (Monument of the Heart), a sculpture by Ligier Richier, carved around 1547. Today in the Church of Saint-Étienne de Bar-le-Duc


    The perfectly preserved relics of Saint Anthony of Padua,
    displayed in the Relics Chapel of the Basilica in Padua, Italy


    Relics in the Church of St. Anselmo, Nin, Croatia. Less impressive relics are often kept in gold and silver containers shaped like the part of the saint's body they allegedly contain


    St Therese's relics on tour in Britain,
    being venerated in Westminster Cathedral, London, in October 2009


    An example of Catholic "art"


    Chiesa dei Morti, Urbino, Italy


    Sacrifical and bleeding lambs are also popular


    The perfectly preserved "Holy Right" hand of King Stephen I, St. Stephen's Basilica in Budapest, Hungary


    Saint Philip Neri, Chiesa Nuova, Rome


    One of the many miraculously preserved heads of St. John the Baptist
    This one is kept in the Cathedral Basilica of Our Lady of Amiens


    Santa Muerte Pieta


    St. Valentin (Bad Schussenried, Germany)


    The Kiss of Death Statue at the Old Graveyard of Poblenou in Barcelona


    Saint Vincent de Paul, Chapelle Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (Paris, 6ème arrondissement)


    Mourning Jesus, or mourning a normal family life?


    St. Valentinus (Waldsassen, Germany)


    St. Benedictus (Berg am Laim, Munich, Germany)


    St. Deodatus (Rheinau, Swizterland)


    St. Albertus (Burgrain, Germany)


    St. Valerius (Weyarn, Germany)


    St. Felix (Gars am Inn, Germany)


    St. Vincentus (Stams, Austria)


    St. Deodatus (Roggenburg, Germany)


    St. Konstantious (Rorschach, Switzerland)


    St. Maximus (Bürglen, Switzerland)


    Familia de esqueletos (Family of Skeletons), c. 1800,
    José López Enguídanos (Valencia, 1760 – Madrid, 1812)


    Perfectly preserved nun?



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